In the UK there are currently no age restrictions on retirement and generally, you can access your pension pot from as early as 55. How much you need to retire at 55 will depend on how much you plan to spend in retirement. As a general rule of thumb, you’ll need 20x your expenses in savings/pensions, less any income from other sources.
However, the earlier you start saving and investing, the earlier you’ll be able to retire. Working alongside a financial planner will help you work out if retiring at 55 is a possibility for you.
Do you want to retire at 55?
I’m often asked, “how much do I need to retire at 55?” or “can I retire at 55?”
Retiring at 55 is a real possibility for some people. To retire at 55 is a goal that many people share, it allows you to enjoy life whilst you are still young, fit and healthy.
Whilst early retirement isn’t for everyone, anyone can do it. If you want to retire at 55, you’ll need to know how much do you need to retire at 55? What is a good pension pot at 55? And will it give you the retirement you want?
This article will show you how much you need to retire at 55. It covers:
.1. What is a good pension pot at 55?
There is no such thing as a good pension pot at 55. It will depend on your personal circumstances and what you need from your pension pot.
Although the average UK pension pot at 55 is around £80,000, what someone else has in their pension has no relevance to your retirement.
What you want from retirement and how much it will cost will be specific to you. No two retirements are the same. A good pension pot is one that provides you with enough income to do everything you want.
To understand how to retire at 55, you first need to understand how much income you’ll need in retirement.
This will determine how much money you need to retire.
2. How much income do you need in retirement?
If you’re thinking about retiring at 55, you need to ask yourself “how much will I spend in retirement?”
This is the starting place for any retirement planning. This will determine how much you need in your pensions and other savings to retire at 55.
If your answer is “I haven’t got a clue”, then take a look at your current situation.
- What do you currently spend each month?
- How is this likely to change once you retire? For example, will you spend more on travel but less on commuting?
- Are there any ‘one-off’ expenses, like repaying the mortgage or helping the kids?
Where possible, split out the ‘need to haves’ from the ‘nice to haves’. We call these ‘basic expenses’ and ‘leisure expenses.
If you’re still struggling, then go with the ‘70% rule’. This states that the average retiree requires 70% of their normal working income. So, if you currently earn £60,000 per year, you’re looking at a retirement income of £42,000 per year.
3. Where will your retirement income come from?
Once you know what you want to spend, the next question is how much income will you receive in retirement?
Broadly speaking, the money you receive in retirement will be made up of two parts, income and capital:
Income is easy to work out. It’s the regular payments you receive into your bank accounts. It will include savings interest, dividends, State Pension, rental income and any final salary pensions.
If you’re unsure how much State Pension you will receive, you can get an estimate of your state pension here
The challenging part is working out when the different incomes start and when they may stop. It will be useful to create a retirement timeline, showing all the different events:
Remember, only include your final salary pensions, these are the ones that pay a guaranteed income for life. Your personal/workplace pensions are treated as capital and dealt with in the next section.
Capital refers to cash or liquid assets being held in accounts or assets such as machinery, equipment or buildings.
Working out how much capital you can withdraw each year isn’t so easy. If you withdraw too much, you risk running out of money. Withdraw too little and you’ll get to the end without living the life you wanted.
Broadly speaking, you can withdraw around 4% of your capital each year without running out of money.
Income & Capital
Although income and capital come in different forms, they serve the same purpose, to provide you with an income in retirement. For the time being, simply get a list of all of your different ‘pots’, as shown below.
4. How much income will you receive if you retire at 55?
To find out how much income you’ll receive if you retire at 55, you will need to create a retirement income plan.
A retirement income plan is simply your income + capital combined to fund your retirement expenses.
This is where cash flow modelling comes in, it creates a forecast of your finances. It starts by working out how much you spend each year and then overlays this with the income you will receive. Once your income and expenses have been built in, the final step is to add your capital.
Your cash flow report will show you one of two outcomes, either you have enough money to retire at 55, or you don’t.
5. Do you have enough to retire at 55?
If you have enough to retire at 55, what are you waiting for? I recently met with a client who thought he needed to work for another 10 years.
By creating a retirement cash flow plan, I was able to show him that he can afford to retire at 55, and do all the things he wanted.
If you don’t have enough…
If you don’t have enough money to retire at 55, don’t panic! There are options available to help bring forward the date that you can retire. For example, you can:
1. Save a little more each year
3. Spend a little less in retirement
* By taking more investment risk. There is no guarantee that taking more risk will deliver a higher investment return.
6. How to retire at 55 without running out of money
To avoid running out of money after retiring at 55, you will need to consider going into an annuity or drawdown.
The only way to retire at 55 and guarantee that you won’t run out of money is to purchase a pension annuity. That way, you’re certain that the income will never stop. However, pension annuities provide a pitiful income, and you will need a very large pension pot to do this. The alternative is to use a drawdown pension
A drawdown pension allows you to access your money more flexibly. You choose when to take it and how much you take. You’re in control, but if you spend too much too soon, you risk running out of money.
Regular reviews of your pension with an independent financial adviser can help eliminate that risk and ensure you stay on track.
Annuity vs Drawdown?
An annuity is a guaranteed income for life. The amount is usually fixed, though you can purchase one that rises with inflation.
The main advantage of using your pension to purchase an annuity is that you will receive a pension income for as long as you live.
The main disadvantage of using your pension to purchase an annuity is the low level of income you receive. For example, if you use your £100,000 pension to purchase an annuity at 55, you will receive just £1,722 per year. This assumes that the annuity increases each year and pays your spouse an income if you die.
A drawdown pension is very different. Your pension pot remains invested, and you draw on it as needed.
The main advantage of a drawdown pension is that you have complete flexibility over how much you withdraw. You can withdraw as little or as much as you like when you like.
The main disadvantage of a drawdown pension is that you can run out of money if you withdraw too much. Think of a drawdown pension like a bank account, if you withdraw too much, your balance will eventually hit £0.
7. What else do you need to think about?
Pensions and inflation: how much will prices rise?
For a while now we have experienced low-interest and low inflation rates. But those of you looking to retire at 55 will likely remember the high inflation of the 1980s. One of the biggest risks to your retirement income is that it won’t rise with inflation (the cost of living). As a result, your money will be worth less and less.
It’s difficult to appreciate the small but corrosive effect of inflation. Over a 30+ year retirement, a 2.5% pa inflation rate can have a huge impact.
For example, £5,000 of income in 1995 will need to have grown to around £10,000 in 2021 in order to keep pace with inflation.
So if your income doesn’t increase with inflation, it could mean living a low budget lifestyle in the future.
Some investments, such as inflation-linked bonds, are specifically designed to protect against inflation.
When creating your retirement income plan, an independent financial adviser will take these risks into account. They will help you work out the right balance between maximising income today whilst ensuring it is not eroded by inflation over time.
They will also create a withdrawal policy statement, which maximises how much income you can spend in retirement without the risk of running out of money. Click here to learn more about retirement income planning strategies.
8. How can we help you retire at 55?
We are award-winning independent financial advisers and expert retirement planners. We have helped dozens of clients retire early and make the most of their retirement.
Working together, we can show you whether you are on track to retire at 55 and build a retirement income plan.
“As I’m approaching the latter part of my career I decided I needed some support with my retirement strategy. Frazer James has been first class in providing advice and a clear deliverable plan. The team at FJL have shown a real understanding of my priorities and needs, and have provided a truly bespoke service with excellent communications and support. I now feel in control of my retirement plan. Big thanks to James, Chris and the team.” – JC
Planning to retire at 55 is a journey, that’s why we recommend regular meetings to ensure you remain on track and make any adjustments as necessary.
9. Retirement Review
If you’re ready to retire at 55 or want to find out more about retiring, book in for a retirement review today. Our expert financial advisors look at where you are today, where you want to be and then creates a retirement plan for you.
It provides you with a high-level retirement summary, looking at:
✓ Retirement Savings – how much you need to save for retirement
✓ Retirement Date – when you can afford to stop working
✓ Retirement Income – how much you can spend in retirement
As ever, if you want a helping hand, feel free to drop me a line.
All the best,
James Mackay, Independent Financial Adviser in Bristol
Financial Advisor Bristol and Pension Advisor Clifton
About us: Frazer James Financial Advisers is a financial advisor, based in Clifton, Bristol. As an independent financial adviser, we’re able to provide independent and unbiased financial advice. We provide independent financial advice, pension advice, investment advice, inheritance tax planning and insurance advice.
If you would like to speak to a Financial Advisor, we offer a Complimentary Financial Consultation. Meetings are held either at our offices, by video or by telephone. Our telephone number is 0117 990 2602.
Frazer James Financial Advisers is located at Square Works, 17 – 18 Berkeley Square, Bristol, BS8 1HB.
This article provides information about investing, but not personal advice. If you’re not sure which investments are right for you, please request advice.
Remember that investments can go up and down in value, you may get back less than you put in.